UART DV document
- Verify all UART IP features by running dynamic simulations with a SV/UVM based testbench
- Develop and run all tests based on the DV plan below towards closing code and functional coverage on the IP and all of its sub-modules
- Verify TileLink device protocol compliance with an SVA based testbench
For detailed information on UART design features, please see the UART design specification.
UART testbench has been constructed based on the CIP testbench architecture.
Top level testbench
Top level testbench is located at
hw/ip/uart/dv/tb/tb.sv. It instantiates the UART DUT module
In addition, it instantiates the following interfaces, connects them to the DUT and sets their handle into
Common DV utility components
The following utilities provide generic helper tasks and functions to perform activities that are common across the project:
Global types & methods
All common types and methods defined at the package level can be found in
uart_env_pkg. Some of them in use are:
parameter uint UART_FIFO_DEPTH = 32;
UART instantiates (already handled in CIP base env) tl_agent which provides the ability to drive and independently monitor random traffic via TL host interface into UART device.
UART agent is used to drive and monitor UART items, which also provides basic coverage on data, parity, baud rate etc. These baud rates are supported: 9600, 115200, 230400, 1Mbps(1048576), 2Mbps(2097152)
UVM RAL Model
The UART RAL model is created with the
ralgen FuseSoC generator script automatically when the simulation is at the build stage.
It can be created manually by invoking
All test sequences reside in
uart_base_vseq virtual sequence is extended from
cip_base_vseq and serves as a starting point.
All test sequences are extended from
It provides commonly used handles, variables, functions and tasks that the test sequences can simple use / call.
Some of the most commonly used tasks / functions are as follows:
- uart_init: Configure uart control and fifo related csr with random values
- send_tx_byte: Program one TX byte to enable DUT to send a TX byte to UART interface
- send_rx_byte: Drive a RX byte to DUT through UART interface
To ensure high quality constrained random stimulus, it is necessary to develop a functional coverage model. The following covergroups have been developed to prove that the test intent has been adequately met:
- common covergroup for interrupts
hw/dv/sv/cip_lib/cip_base_env_cov.sv: Cover interrupt value, interrupt enable, intr_test, interrup pin
- uart_cg in uart_agent_cov
hw/dv/sv/uart_agent/uart_agent_cov.sv: Cover direction, uart data, en_parity, odd_parity and baud rate
hw/ip/uart/dv/env/uart_env_cov.sv: Cover all fifo level with fifo reset for both TX and RX
uart_scoreboard is primarily used for end to end checking.
It creates the following analysis fifos to retrieve the data monitored by corresponding interface agents:
- tl_a_chan_fifo, tl_d_chan_fifo: These 2 fifos provides transaction items at the end of address channel and data channel respectively
- uart_tx_fifo, uart_rx_fifo: These 2 fifos provides UART TX and RX item when its transfer completes
- TLUL assertions: The
tlul_assertassertions to the IP to ensure TileLink interface protocol compliance.
- Unknown checks on DUT outputs: The RTL has assertions to ensure all outputs are initialized to known values after coming out of reset.
Building and running tests
We are using our in-house developed regression tool for building and running our tests and regressions. Please take a look at the link for detailed information on the usage, capabilities, features and known issues. Here’s how to run a smoke test:
$ $REPO_TOP/util/dvsim/dvsim.py $REPO_TOP/hw/ip/uart/dv/uart_sim_cfg.hjson -i uart_smoke
Verify the reset values as indicated in the RAL specification.
Verify accessibility of CSRs as indicated in the RAL specification.
Verify no aliasing within individual bits of a CSR.
Verify no aliasing within the CSR address space.
Verify random reset during CSR/memory access.
Send / receive bytes with parity and odd parity enabled randomly.
Send over 32 bytes of data but stop when fifo is full
Run fifo_full_vseq with very small delays
Enable override control and use register programming to drive uart output directly.
Have random reset in parallel with stress_all and tl_errors sequences
Verify common intr_test CSRs that allows SW to mock-inject interrupts.
Access out of bounds address and verify correctness of response / behavior
Drive unsupported requests via TL interface and verify correctness of response / behavior. Below error cases are tested
Drive back-to-back requests without waiting for response to ensure there is one transaction outstanding within the TL device. Also, verify one outstanding when back- to-back accesses are made to the same address.
Access CSR with one or more bytes of data For read, expect to return all word value of the CSR For write, enabling bytes should cover all CSR valid fields