USBDEV Suspending and Resuming with Sleep / Low Power Modes

Overview

This document outlines a recipe for going in and out of low power modes for suspending and resuming, respectively. It assumes the design uses the usbdev_aon_wake and pinmux modules to handle critical signals in low-power mode like top_earlgrey. The pinmux module ensures the D+ and D- pins are high-Z / input only. The usbdev_aon_wake module maintains the pull-up state, monitors the D+ and D- pins for events to leave the suspended state, and provides the wake-up signal.

Suspending from Active

Configuration

  1. Software configures usbdev to enable wake-from-deep-sleep on resume. wake_config.wake_en should be set to 1.
  2. Software configures the sleep state for usbdev DIOs to be high-Z (input only), in the pinmux.

Suspending

  1. The usbdev_linkstate module detects the line has been at idle for at least 3 ms, issues link_suspend_o, and transitions to the LinkSuspended state.
    • The AON module transitions to the AwkTrigUon state and takes over the pullup enable. It begins monitoring for events that trigger waking / resuming / resetting.
    • The protocol engine begins ignoring transactions. Any non-idle signaling kicks off the process to resume.
    • The USB differential receiver is turned off, if it was controlled by the rx_enable_o pin.
    • Software receives the event for going into the suspended state in intr_state.link_suspend.
  2. Software prepares for deep sleep.
    • It saves the current “device state” in the AON retention RAM, including the current configuration and device address (if any).
    • The usbdev_linkstate module is still powered and monitoring events, and it can resume at any time.
    • Software also does any other tasks for preparing for deep sleep, such as enabling USB events to wake the chip.
  3. Software begins deep sleep.
    • It turns off non-AON clocks and power.
    • As it is now unpowered, the usbdev_linkstate module is inactive. The AON module is now the only device monitoring for USB events.

Resuming

  1. Software determines whether it is waking due to USB.
    • If the low-power state was never entered, software merely unwinds / drops the deep sleep preparation and skips to step 6.
  2. Software pulls configuration data from the AON retention RAM and restores information about the USB device state.
  3. Software sets up and connects usbdev.
    • The usbdev_linkstate module should hold in the LinkPowered state, waiting for a bus reset. It is now monitoring events alongside the AON module.
  4. Software releases the DIOs from sleep mode.
  5. Software checks the AON events and identifies the correct state transition.
  6. Software issues wake_config.wake_ack to the AON module.
    • The AON module stops monitoring events and controlling the pull-ups, restoring control to the full-power usbdev module.
    • The AON module also clears the stored events. Events that occurred between reading the stored values in the AON module and acknowledging the wake-up are captured in the usbdev_linkstate module.
  7. If software determined the state transition should be back to an active state, software issues usbctrl.resume_link_active.
    • After going to low-power, it’s not clear to the hardware whether it needs a bus reset to transition out of the LinkPowered state. Software’s saved state in the AON retention RAM should provide this information, and the CSR write provides a bypass mechanism.
    • The usbdev_linkstate module transitions from LinkPowered to LinkResuming state.
  8. The upstream hub stops signaling K to resume.
    • The usbdev_linkstate module transitions from LinkResuming to LinkActiveNoSOF state, and USB is active once again.