On-Device Test Framework


Chip-level Test Infrastructure

Chip-level tests are designed to be executed across all OpenTitan verification targets DV simulation, Verilator simulation, FPGA, and (eventually) silicon, using host-side test initiation tools, and an on-device test framework, as shown in the figure above. On the host side, two main tools are used to initiate tests on the device. For the DV simulation target, the dvsim.py tool is used, while for Verilator and FPGA targets, Bazel (and opentitantool) is used. Focusing on the device side, for all three targets, the on-device test framework is used to provide a uniform execution environment for chip-level tests. The on-device test framework provides boilerplate setup code that configures the UART for communicating messages and test results back to the host.

Writing a Chip-Level Test

To write a chip-level test that uses this framework, one must create a new C file for the test (see Chip-Level Tests for where to place this test) and follow the steps below.

Test Setup

Each chip-level test must contain the following boilerplate setup code:

#include "sw/device/lib/testing/test_framework/test_main.h"
#include "sw/device/lib/testing/check_.h" // if calls to CHECK() are made
#include "sw/device/lib/runtime/log.h"  // if calls to LOG_INFO() are made


bool test_main() {
  // Test program entry point.
  return true;

Check out the rv_timer smoke test for an example chip-level test that contains this boilerplate code.

Signaling the end of test and self-checking mechanism

It is mandatory to invoke the target-agnostic API test_status_set() to explicitly signal the end of the test based on whether it passed or failed. When invoked, the API calls abort() at the end to stop the core from executing any further. Please see sw/device/lib/testing/test_framework/test_status.h for documentation and usage.

Non-DV Targets

In non-DV targets (Verilator simulation, FPGA, or silicon), the signal is a message written to the console. It will output PASS!\r\n when the tests pass and FAIL!\r\n when they fail. How these console messages are captured differs based on the testing target. On FPGA / silicon, they will feed directly to a host machine through a physical UART connection, where the host can decipher the message correctness. On Verilator, they will feed to a virtual UART terminal where the host can do the same.

In DV simulation, the test status is written to a known location in the memory, which is monitored by the UVM testbench. Based on the captured value, the testbench monitor invokes UVM methods to pass or fail the test.